Superfluidity and superconductivity are striking examples of how quantum mechanics can affect the collective behaviour of large numbers of identical particles. When the temperature of a many-particle fluid is lowered below a critical threshold, thermal fluctuations are no longer able to prevent it from collapsing into a purely quantum state. If the particles are electrically neutral, like helium–3 and helium–4 atoms, such a 'coherent' state can flow without friction and is known as a superfluid. If, on the other hand, the particles are charged, the coherent state loses its resistance to electrical current and becomes a superconductor.

Back to square one for superfluidity / Scandolo, Sandro; Santoro, Giuseppe E.. - In: PHYSICS WORLD. - ISSN 0953-8585. - 17:12(2004), pp. 3-3. [10.1088/2058-7058/17/12/26]

Back to square one for superfluidity

Santoro, Giuseppe E.
2004

Abstract

Superfluidity and superconductivity are striking examples of how quantum mechanics can affect the collective behaviour of large numbers of identical particles. When the temperature of a many-particle fluid is lowered below a critical threshold, thermal fluctuations are no longer able to prevent it from collapsing into a purely quantum state. If the particles are electrically neutral, like helium–3 and helium–4 atoms, such a 'coherent' state can flow without friction and is known as a superfluid. If, on the other hand, the particles are charged, the coherent state loses its resistance to electrical current and becomes a superconductor.
Scandolo, Sandro; Santoro, Giuseppe E.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11767/15049
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