We give a brief review of the known effects of a dynamical vacuum cosmological component, the dark energy, on the anisotropies of the cosmic microwave background (CMB). We distinguish between a “classic" class of observables, used so far to cons train the average of the dark energy abundance in the redshift interval in which it is relevant for acceleration, and a “modern" class, aiming at the measurement of its differential redshift behavior. We show that the gravitationally lensed CMB belongs to the second class, as it can give a measure of the dark energy abundance at the time of equality with matter, occurring at about redshift 0.5. Indeed, the dark energy abundance at that epoch influences directly the lensing strength, which is injected at about the same time, if the source is the CMB. We il lustrate this effect focusing on the curl (BB) component of CMB polarization, which is dominated by lensing on arcminute angular scales. An increasing dark energy abundance at the time of equality with matter, parameterized by a rising first order redshift derivative of its equation of state today, makes the BB power drop- ping with respect to a pure Λ CDM cosmology, keeping the other cosmological parameters and primordial amplitude fixed. We briefly comment on the forthcoming probes which might measure the lensing power on CMB.
|Titolo:||The CMB as a Dark Energy probe|
|Autori:||Baccigalupi, C.; Acquaviva, V.|
|Titolo del libro:||CMB and Physics of the Early Universe (CMB2006) - CMB THEORY|
|Nome editore:||Proceedings of science|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2006|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.22323/1.027.0008|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||4.1 Contribution in Conference proceedings|