We discuss how the absolute neutrino mass scale, the neutrino mass hierarchy and the nature (Dirac or Majorana) of massive neutrinos can be determined, in principle, from the measurement of the continuous spectrum of the photon produced in the process of collective de-excitation of atoms in a metastable level into emission mode of a single photon plus a neutrino pair (“radiative emission of neutrino pair (RENP)”). We use the example of a transition between specific levels of the Yb atom. The possibility of determining the nature of massive neutrinos and, if neutrinos are Majorana fermions, of obtaining information about the Majorana phases in the neutrino mixing matrix, is analised in the cases of normal hierarchical, inverted hierarchical and quasi-degenerate types of neutrino mass spectrum. It is found, in particular, that the sensitivity to the nature of massive neutrinos depends critically on the atomic level en ergy difference relevant in the RENP.
|Titolo:||Determining Neutrino Mass and Mixing Observables and the Nature of Massive Neutrinos Using Atoms|
|Autori:||Petkov, S.T.; Dinh, D.N.|
|Rivista:||POS PROCEEDINGS OF SCIENCE|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2013|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||4.1 Contribution in Conference proceedings|