We review the recently proposed extension of the Gutzwiller approximation (Schirò and Fabrizio, Phys Rev Lett 105:076401, 2010), designed to describe the out-of-equilibrium time-evolution of a Gutzwiller-type variational wave function for correlated electrons. The method, which is strictly variational in the limit of infinite lattice-coordination, is quite general and flexible, and it is applicable to generic non-equilibrium conditions, even far beyond the linear response regime. As an application, we discuss the quench dynamics of a single-band Hubbard model at half-filling, where the method predicts a dynamical phase transition above a critical quench that resembles the sharp crossover observed by time-dependent dynamical mean field theory. We next show that one can actually define in some cases a multi-configurational wave function combination of a whole set of mutually orthogonal Gutzwiller wave functions. The Hamiltonian projected in that subspace can be exactly evaluated and is equivalent to a model of auxiliary spins coupled to non-interacting electrons, closely related to the slave-spin theories for correlated electron models. The Gutzwiller approximation turns out to be nothing but the mean-field approximation applied to that spin-fermion model, which displays, for any number of bands and integer fillings, a spontaneous Z 2 symmetry breaking that can be identified as the Mott insulator-to-metal transition. © 2013 Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht.
|Titolo:||The out-of-equilibrium time-dependent gutzwiller approximation|
|Titolo del libro:||New Materials for Thermoelectric Applications: Theory and Experiment|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2013|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1007/978-94-007-4984-9_16|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||4.1 Contribution in Conference proceedings|