We study the quantum evolution of a cloud of hard-core bosons loaded on a one-dimensional optical lattice after its sudden release from a harmonic trap. Just after the trap has been removed, a linear ramp potential is applied, mimicking the so-called Galileo ramp experiment. The nonequilibrium expansion of the bosonic cloud is elucidated through a hydrodynamical description which is compared to the exact numerical evolution obtained by exact diagonalization on finite lattice sizes. The system is found to exhibit a rich behavior, showing, in particular, Bloch oscillations of a self-trapped condensate and an ejected particle density leading to two diverging entangled condensates. Depending on the initial density of the gas different regimes of Josephson-like oscillations are observed. At low densities, the trapped part of the cloud is in a superfluid phase that oscillates in time as a whole. At higher densities, the trapped condensate is in a mixed superfluid-Mott-insulator phase that show a breathing regime for steep enough potential ramps.
|Titolo:||Hydrodynamic description of hard-core bosons on a Galileo ramp|
|Autori:||Wendenbaum, Pierre; Collura, Mario; Karevski, Dragi|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2013|
|Numero di Articolo:||023624|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevA.87.023624|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Journal article|