The cross-correlation between fluctuations in the electron scattering optical depth tau(es) as probed by future Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB) experiments, and fluctuations in the 21cm differential brightness temperature Delta T-21cm as probed by ground-based radio interferometers, will trace the reionization history of the Universe. In particular, the tau(es)-21cm cross-correlation should yield a determination of the characteristic bubble size distribution and ionization fraction as a function of redshift. When assuming that the cross-correlation signal is limited by instrumental noise rather than by foregrounds, we estimate its potential detectability by upcoming experiments. Specifically, the combination of HERA and Simons Observatory, CMB-S4 and PICO should yield a signal-to-noise ratio around 3-6, while and the exploitation of the SKA should increase it to 10-20. Finally, we have discussed how such levels of detectability can be affected when (simply modeled) 21cm foregrounds are present. For the most promising PICOxSKA configuration, an efficiency of foreground removal to a level of 7 x 10(-4) is needed to achieve a 5 sigma detection of the cross-correlation signal; in addition, safe avoidance of foreground contamination in the line-of-sight Fourier modes above 0.03 h Mpc(-1) would guarantee a detection significance around 3 sigma.

Detectability of the τes−21cm cross-correlation: a tomographic probe of patchy reionization / Roy, Anirban; Lapi, Andrea; Spergel, David; Basak, Soumen; Baccigalupi, Carlo. - In: JOURNAL OF COSMOLOGY AND ASTROPARTICLE PHYSICS. - ISSN 1475-7516. - 2020:03(2020), pp. 1-25. [10.1088/1475-7516/2020/03/062]

Detectability of the τes−21cm cross-correlation: a tomographic probe of patchy reionization

Roy, Anirban;Lapi, Andrea;Baccigalupi, Carlo
2020

Abstract

The cross-correlation between fluctuations in the electron scattering optical depth tau(es) as probed by future Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB) experiments, and fluctuations in the 21cm differential brightness temperature Delta T-21cm as probed by ground-based radio interferometers, will trace the reionization history of the Universe. In particular, the tau(es)-21cm cross-correlation should yield a determination of the characteristic bubble size distribution and ionization fraction as a function of redshift. When assuming that the cross-correlation signal is limited by instrumental noise rather than by foregrounds, we estimate its potential detectability by upcoming experiments. Specifically, the combination of HERA and Simons Observatory, CMB-S4 and PICO should yield a signal-to-noise ratio around 3-6, while and the exploitation of the SKA should increase it to 10-20. Finally, we have discussed how such levels of detectability can be affected when (simply modeled) 21cm foregrounds are present. For the most promising PICOxSKA configuration, an efficiency of foreground removal to a level of 7 x 10(-4) is needed to achieve a 5 sigma detection of the cross-correlation signal; in addition, safe avoidance of foreground contamination in the line-of-sight Fourier modes above 0.03 h Mpc(-1) would guarantee a detection significance around 3 sigma.
2020
03
1
25
062
https://arxiv.org/abs/1904.02637
Roy, Anirban; Lapi, Andrea; Spergel, David; Basak, Soumen; Baccigalupi, Carlo
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11767/110121
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