As the focus of teaching progressively moves from being transmissive to student-centred, under the beneficial pressure of the European recommendations, the debate on how to form and measure competences in students has become topical. This transformation was made necessary to nudge education institutions towards accountability, and to allow students (and their families) to make informed school choices. Large-scale achievement or cognitive tests were then developed by international organizations and administered in schools. The focus of the present paper is to provide empirical evidence that this process can be successfully embraced also by the higher education system. To this end we report data from several surveys in which ANVUR, the Italian public agency for the evaluation of universities and research institutes, administered the Test of Competence (TECO) to evaluate generic and disciplinary competences in first- and third-year undergraduate students. Using the value-added approach, we demonstrate that both types of competences can be formed by higher education institutions and that the university attendance makes a difference, especially for the disciplinary ones. The study qualifies TECO as a reliable tool for self-assessment of teaching effectiveness, to be used for evidence-based policies in higher education.

Key-competences in higher education as a tool for democracy / Rumiati, Raffaella; Ciolfi, Alberto; Di Benedetto, Annalisa; Sabella, Morena; Rita Infurna, Maria; Ancaiani, Alessio; Checchi, Daniele. - In: FORM@RE. - ISSN 1825-7321. - 18:3(2018), pp. 7-18. [10.13128/formare-24684]

Key-competences in higher education as a tool for democracy

Raffaella Rumiati
Writing – Review & Editing
;
2018

Abstract

As the focus of teaching progressively moves from being transmissive to student-centred, under the beneficial pressure of the European recommendations, the debate on how to form and measure competences in students has become topical. This transformation was made necessary to nudge education institutions towards accountability, and to allow students (and their families) to make informed school choices. Large-scale achievement or cognitive tests were then developed by international organizations and administered in schools. The focus of the present paper is to provide empirical evidence that this process can be successfully embraced also by the higher education system. To this end we report data from several surveys in which ANVUR, the Italian public agency for the evaluation of universities and research institutes, administered the Test of Competence (TECO) to evaluate generic and disciplinary competences in first- and third-year undergraduate students. Using the value-added approach, we demonstrate that both types of competences can be formed by higher education institutions and that the university attendance makes a difference, especially for the disciplinary ones. The study qualifies TECO as a reliable tool for self-assessment of teaching effectiveness, to be used for evidence-based policies in higher education.
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Rumiati, Raffaella; Ciolfi, Alberto; Di Benedetto, Annalisa; Sabella, Morena; Rita Infurna, Maria; Ancaiani, Alessio; Checchi, Daniele
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11767/110936
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