We investigate how the hierarchical merging of dark matter halos, the radiative cooling of baryons, and the energy feedback from supernovae and active galactic nuclei or quasars combine to govern the amount and the thermal state of the hot plasma pervading groups and clusters of galaxies. We show that, by itself, supernova preheating of the external gas flowing into clusters falls short of explaining the observed X-ray scaling relations of the plasma luminosity LX or the plasma entropy K versus the X-ray temperature T. To account for the scaling laws from rich to poor clusters takes preheating enhanced by the energy input from active galactic nuclei. In groups, on the other hand, the internal impacts of powerful quasars going off in member galaxies can blow some plasma out of the structure. So they depress LX and raise K to the observed average levels; meanwhile, the sporadic nature of such impulsive events generates the intrinsic component of the wide scatter apparent in the data. The same quasar feedback gives rise in groups to entropy profiles as steep as observed, a feature hard to explain with simple preheating schemes. Finally, we argue a close connection of the LX-T or the K-T relation with the M•-σ correlation between the host velocity dispersion and the masses of the black holes, relics of the quasar activity.
|Titolo:||Intracluster and intragroup entropy from quasar activity|
|Autori:||LAPI A; CAVALIERE A; MENCI N|
|Rivista:||THE ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2005|
|Fascicolo:||1, Part 1|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1086/426376|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Journal article|