The dust-to-stellar mass ratio (Mdust/M?) is a crucial, albeit poorly constrained, parameter for improving our understanding of the complex physical processes involved in the production of dust, metals, and stars in galaxy evolution. In this work, we explore trends of Mdust/M? with dierent physical parameters and using observations of 300 massive dusty star-forming galaxies detected with ALMA up to z 5. Additionally, we interpret our findings with dierent models of dusty galaxy formation. We find that Mdust/M? evolves with redshift, stellar mass, specific star formation rates, and integrated dust size, but that evolution is dierent for mainsequence galaxies than it is for starburst galaxies. In both galaxy populations, Mdust/M? increases until z 2, followed by a roughly flat trend towards higher redshifts, suggesting ecient dust growth in the distant universe. We confirm that the inverse relation between Mdust/M? and M? holds up to z 5 and can be interpreted as an evolutionary transition from early to late starburst phases. We demonstrate that the Mdust/M? in starbursts reflects the increase in molecular gas fraction with redshift and attains the highest values for sources with the most compact dusty star formation. State-of-the-art cosmological simulations that include self-consistent dust growth have the capacity to broadly reproduce the evolution of Mdust/M? in main-sequence galaxies, but underestimating it in starbursts. The latter is found to be linked to lower gas-phase metallicities and longer dust-growth timescales relative to observations. The results of phenomenological models based on the main-sequence and starburst dichotomy as well as analytical models that include recipes for rapid metal enrichment are consistent with our observations. Therefore, our results strongly suggest that high Mdust/M? is due to rapid dust grain growth in the metal-enriched interstellar medium. This work highlights the multi-fold benefits of using Mdust/M? as a diagnostic tool for: (1) disentangling main-sequence and starburst galaxies up to z 5; (2) probing the evolutionary phase of massive objects; and (3) refining the treatment of the dust life cycle in simulations.

In pursuit of giants: I. The evolution of the dust-to-stellar mass ratio in distant dusty galaxies / Donevski, D.; Lapi, A.; Małek, K.; Liu, D.; Gómez-Guijarro, C.; Davé, R.; Kraljic, K.; Pantoni, L.; Man, A.; Fujimoto, S.; Feltre, A.; Pearson, W.; Li, Q.; Narayanan, D.. - In: ASTRONOMY & ASTROPHYSICS. - ISSN 0004-6361. - 644:(2020), pp. 1-25. [10.1051/0004-6361/202038405]

In pursuit of giants: I. The evolution of the dust-to-stellar mass ratio in distant dusty galaxies

Donevski, D.;Lapi, A.;Pantoni, L.;
2020-01-01

Abstract

The dust-to-stellar mass ratio (Mdust/M?) is a crucial, albeit poorly constrained, parameter for improving our understanding of the complex physical processes involved in the production of dust, metals, and stars in galaxy evolution. In this work, we explore trends of Mdust/M? with dierent physical parameters and using observations of 300 massive dusty star-forming galaxies detected with ALMA up to z 5. Additionally, we interpret our findings with dierent models of dusty galaxy formation. We find that Mdust/M? evolves with redshift, stellar mass, specific star formation rates, and integrated dust size, but that evolution is dierent for mainsequence galaxies than it is for starburst galaxies. In both galaxy populations, Mdust/M? increases until z 2, followed by a roughly flat trend towards higher redshifts, suggesting ecient dust growth in the distant universe. We confirm that the inverse relation between Mdust/M? and M? holds up to z 5 and can be interpreted as an evolutionary transition from early to late starburst phases. We demonstrate that the Mdust/M? in starbursts reflects the increase in molecular gas fraction with redshift and attains the highest values for sources with the most compact dusty star formation. State-of-the-art cosmological simulations that include self-consistent dust growth have the capacity to broadly reproduce the evolution of Mdust/M? in main-sequence galaxies, but underestimating it in starbursts. The latter is found to be linked to lower gas-phase metallicities and longer dust-growth timescales relative to observations. The results of phenomenological models based on the main-sequence and starburst dichotomy as well as analytical models that include recipes for rapid metal enrichment are consistent with our observations. Therefore, our results strongly suggest that high Mdust/M? is due to rapid dust grain growth in the metal-enriched interstellar medium. This work highlights the multi-fold benefits of using Mdust/M? as a diagnostic tool for: (1) disentangling main-sequence and starburst galaxies up to z 5; (2) probing the evolutionary phase of massive objects; and (3) refining the treatment of the dust life cycle in simulations.
2020
644
1
25
A144
https://arxiv.org/abs/2008.09995
Donevski, D.; Lapi, A.; Małek, K.; Liu, D.; Gómez-Guijarro, C.; Davé, R.; Kraljic, K.; Pantoni, L.; Man, A.; Fujimoto, S.; Feltre, A.; Pearson, W.; Li...espandi
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
Donevski20.pdf

accesso aperto

Tipologia: Versione Editoriale (PDF)
Licenza: Non specificato
Dimensione 6.9 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
6.9 MB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11767/116449
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 31
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 32
social impact