We study the dynamical and statistical behavior of the Hamiltonian mean field (HMF) model in order to investigate the relation between microscopic chaos and phase transitions. HMF is a simple toy model of N fully coupled rotators which shows a second-order phase transition. The solution in the canonical ensemble is briefly recalled and its predictions are tested numerically at finite N. The Vlasov stationary solution is shown to give the same consistency equation of the canonical solution and its predictions for rotator angle and momenta distribution functions agree very well with numerical simulations, A link is established between the behavior of the maximal Lyapunov exponent and that of thermodynamical fluctuations, expressed by kinetic energy fluctuations or specific heat. The extensivity of chaos in the N→∞ limit is tested through the scaling properties of Lyapunov spectra and of the Kolmogorov-Sinai entropy. Chaotic dynamics provides the mixing property in phase space necessary for obtaining equilibration; however, the relaxation time to equilibrium grows with N, at least near the critical point. Our results constitute an interesting bridge between Hamiltonian chaos in many degrees of freedom systems and equilibrium thermodynamics.

Chaos and statistical mechanics in the Hamiltonian mean field model / Latora, V.; Rapisarda, A.; Ruffo, S.. - In: PHYSICA D-NONLINEAR PHENOMENA. - ISSN 0167-2789. - 131:1-4(1999), pp. 38-54. [10.1016/S0167-2789(98)00217-6]

Chaos and statistical mechanics in the Hamiltonian mean field model

Ruffo S.
1999

Abstract

We study the dynamical and statistical behavior of the Hamiltonian mean field (HMF) model in order to investigate the relation between microscopic chaos and phase transitions. HMF is a simple toy model of N fully coupled rotators which shows a second-order phase transition. The solution in the canonical ensemble is briefly recalled and its predictions are tested numerically at finite N. The Vlasov stationary solution is shown to give the same consistency equation of the canonical solution and its predictions for rotator angle and momenta distribution functions agree very well with numerical simulations, A link is established between the behavior of the maximal Lyapunov exponent and that of thermodynamical fluctuations, expressed by kinetic energy fluctuations or specific heat. The extensivity of chaos in the N→∞ limit is tested through the scaling properties of Lyapunov spectra and of the Kolmogorov-Sinai entropy. Chaotic dynamics provides the mixing property in phase space necessary for obtaining equilibration; however, the relaxation time to equilibrium grows with N, at least near the critical point. Our results constitute an interesting bridge between Hamiltonian chaos in many degrees of freedom systems and equilibrium thermodynamics.
131
1-4
38
54
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0167278998002176
Latora, V.; Rapisarda, A.; Ruffo, S.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11767/116523
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