In spin chains with local unitary evolution preserving the magnetization Sz, the domain-wall state typically "melts."At large times, a nontrivial magnetization profile develops in an expanding region around the initial position of the domain wall. For nonintegrable dynamics, the melting is diffusive, with entropy production within a melted region of size t. In contrast, when the evolution is integrable, ballistic transport dominates and results in a melted region growing linearly in time, with no extensive entropy production: The spin chain remains locally in states of zero entropy at any time. Here we show that, for the integrable spin-1/2 XXZ chain, low-energy quantum fluctuations in the melted region give rise to an emergent Luttinger liquid which, remarkably, differs from the equilibrium one. The striking feature of this emergent Luttinger liquid is its quasiparticle charge (or Luttinger parameter K), which acquires a fractal dependence on the XXZ chain anisotropy parameter Δ.

Domain wall melting in the spin- 1/2 XXZ spin chain: Emergent Luttinger liquid with a fractal quasiparticle charge / Collura, M.; De Luca, A.; Calabrese, P.; Dubail, J.. - In: PHYSICAL REVIEW. B. - ISSN 2469-9950. - 102:18(2020), pp. 1-8. [10.1103/PhysRevB.102.180409]

Domain wall melting in the spin- 1/2 XXZ spin chain: Emergent Luttinger liquid with a fractal quasiparticle charge

Collura, M.;De Luca, A.;Calabrese, P.;Dubail, J.
2020-01-01

Abstract

In spin chains with local unitary evolution preserving the magnetization Sz, the domain-wall state typically "melts."At large times, a nontrivial magnetization profile develops in an expanding region around the initial position of the domain wall. For nonintegrable dynamics, the melting is diffusive, with entropy production within a melted region of size t. In contrast, when the evolution is integrable, ballistic transport dominates and results in a melted region growing linearly in time, with no extensive entropy production: The spin chain remains locally in states of zero entropy at any time. Here we show that, for the integrable spin-1/2 XXZ chain, low-energy quantum fluctuations in the melted region give rise to an emergent Luttinger liquid which, remarkably, differs from the equilibrium one. The striking feature of this emergent Luttinger liquid is its quasiparticle charge (or Luttinger parameter K), which acquires a fractal dependence on the XXZ chain anisotropy parameter Δ.
2020
102
18
1
8
180409(R)
https://arxiv.org/abs/2001.04948
Collura, M.; De Luca, A.; Calabrese, P.; Dubail, J.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11767/117239
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