Expertise offers a unique insight into how our brain functions. The purpose of this experiment was to determine if motor system activity and functional connectivity between the cognitive system and sensorimotor system is differentially modulated by an individual's level of expertise. This goal was achieved through the acquisition of functional neuroimaging data in 10 expert volleyball players and 10 novice individuals who were presented with a series of sentences describing possible technical volleyball-specific motor acts and acts that cannot be performed as positive ("Do …!") or negative ("Don't …") commands, while they were silently reading them and deciding whether the actions were technically feasible or not. Compared with novices, experts' activity in the left primary motor cortex hand area (M1) and in the left premotor cortex (Pm) was decreased by impossible actions presented as positive commands. Sensorimotor activation in response to action-related stimuli is not that automatic as held since we found that these areas were deactivated during the task, and their functional connectivity to the primary visual cortex was strengthened for possible actions presented as positive commands, reflecting the neural processes underlying the interaction between motor and visual imagery. These results suggest that the neural activity within the key areas implicitly triggered by motor simulation is a function of the expertise, action feasibility, and context. © 2013 Elsevier B.V.
|Titolo:||How are the motor system activity and functional connectivity between the cognitive and sensorimotor systems modulated by athletic expertise?|
|Autori:||Tomasino, B; Maieron, M; Guatto, E; Fabbro, F; Rumiati, R.|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2013|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/j.brainres.2013.09.048|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Journal article|