The critical behavior of the three-dimensional N-vector chiral model is studied for arbitrary N. The known six-loop renormalization-group (RG) expansions are resummed using the Borel transformation combined with the conformal mapping and Pade approximant techniques. Analyzing the fixed-point location and the structure of RG flows, it is found that two marginal values of N exist which separate domains of continuous chiral phase transitions N>N-c1 and N<N-c2 from the region N-c1>N>N-c2 where such transitions are first order. Our calculations yield N-c1=6.4(4) and N-c2=5.7(3). For N>N-c1 the structure of RG flows is identical to that given by the epsilon and 1/N expansions with the chiral fixed point being a stable node. For N<N-c2 the chiral fixed point turns out to be a focus having no generic relation to the stable fixed point seen at small epsilon and large N. In this domain, containing the physical values N=2 and N=3, phase trajectories approach the fixed point in a spiral-like manner giving rise to unusual crossover regimes which may imitate varying (scattered) critical exponents seen in numerous physical and computer experiments.
|Titolo:||Critical thermodynamics of a three-dimensional chiral model for N > 3|
|Autori:||Calabrese P; Parruccini P; Sokolov AI|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2003|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1103/PhysRevB.68.094415|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Journal article|