We investigate the stability with respect to phase separation or charge-density-wave formation of the two-dimensional Hubbard model for various values of the local Coulomb repulsion and electron densities using Green-function Monte Carlo techniques. The well known sin problem is particularly serious in the relevant region of small hole doping. We show that the difference in accuracy for different doping makes it very difficult to probe the phase separation instability using only energy calculations, even in the weak-coupling limit (U=4t) where reliable results are available. By contrast, the knowledge of the charge correlation functions allows us to provide clear evidence of a spatially homogeneous ground state up to U=10t.
|Titolo:||Spatially homogeneous ground-state of the two-dimensional Hubbard model|
|Autori:||Becca F; Capone M; Sorella S|
|Rivista:||PHYSICAL REVIEW. B, CONDENSED MATTER AND MATERIALS PHYSICS|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2000|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1103/PhysRevB.62.12700|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Journal article|