It is usually assumed that when Weyl invariance is unbroken in the electromagnetic sector, the energy density of primordial magnetic fields will redshift as radiation. Here we show that primordial magnetic fields do not exhibit radiationlike redshifting in the presence of stronger electric fields, as a consequence of Faraday's law of induction. In particular for the standard Maxwell theory, magnetic fields on superhorizon scales can redshift as B-2 proportional to a(-6)H(-2), instead of the usually assumed a(-4). Taking into account this effect for inflationary magnetogenesis can correct previous estimates of the magnetic field strength by up to 37 orders of magnitude. This opens new possibilities for inflationary magnetogenesis, and as an example we propose a scenario where femto-Gauss intergalactic magnetic fields are created on Mpc scales, with high-scale inflation producing observable primordial gravitational waves, and reheating happening at low temperatures.

Early cosmological evolution of primordial electromagnetic fields / Kobayashi, Takeshi; Sloth, Martin S.. - In: PHYSICAL REVIEW D. - ISSN 2470-0029. - 100:2(2019), pp. 1-26. [10.1103/physrevd.100.023524]

Early cosmological evolution of primordial electromagnetic fields

Takeshi Kobayashi
;
2019-01-01

Abstract

It is usually assumed that when Weyl invariance is unbroken in the electromagnetic sector, the energy density of primordial magnetic fields will redshift as radiation. Here we show that primordial magnetic fields do not exhibit radiationlike redshifting in the presence of stronger electric fields, as a consequence of Faraday's law of induction. In particular for the standard Maxwell theory, magnetic fields on superhorizon scales can redshift as B-2 proportional to a(-6)H(-2), instead of the usually assumed a(-4). Taking into account this effect for inflationary magnetogenesis can correct previous estimates of the magnetic field strength by up to 37 orders of magnitude. This opens new possibilities for inflationary magnetogenesis, and as an example we propose a scenario where femto-Gauss intergalactic magnetic fields are created on Mpc scales, with high-scale inflation producing observable primordial gravitational waves, and reheating happening at low temperatures.
2019
100
2
1
26
023524
10.1103/physrevd.100.023524
https://arxiv.org/abs/1903.02561
Kobayashi, Takeshi; Sloth, Martin S.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11767/124795
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