Using the fully relativistic projector augmented wave (PAW) approach, we address the relevance of spin-orbit coupling for the structural properties of several solids. Results available in the literature obtained either via an all-electron full potential linearized augmented plane wave (FLAPW) method with spin-orbit treated by a second-variation procedure or via a PAW method in which spin-orbit is added to a scalar relativistic picture are used to critically estimate the soundness of our data. We construct scalar and fully relativistic PAW data sets for 26 new elements and use them to calculate the lattice constants and the bulk moduli of 56 solids finding that relativistic effects beyond the scalar relativistic ones change slightly some lattice constants and bulk moduli in the presence of fifth- or sixth-row elements, while no change above the numerical threshold is found in the other cases. Moreover, we study the spin-orbit-induced splittings of the electron energy bands of a few zincbende-type semiconductors and we show that the fully relativistic PAW method remains accurate also in the presence of light elements such as boron or nitrogen: The splittings of the Γ8v and Γ_7v valence states and of the Γ_8c and Γ_7c conduction states agree with FLAPW within a few meV.
|Titolo:||Projector augmented wave method with spin-orbit coupling: Applications to simple solids and zincblende-type semiconductors|
|Autori:||DAL CORSO A|
|Rivista:||PHYSICAL REVIEW. B, CONDENSED MATTER AND MATERIALS PHYSICS|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2012|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1103/PhysRevB.86.085135|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Journal article|