Pheromones are substances released from animals that, when detected by the vomeronasal organ of other individuals of the same species, affect their physiology and behavior. Pheromone binding to receptors on microvilli on the dendritic knobs of vomeronasal sensory neurons activates a second messenger cascade to produce an increase in intracellular Ca2+concentration. Here, we used whole-cell and inside-out patch-clamp analysis to provide a functional characterization of currents activated by Ca2+in isolated mouse vomeronasal sensory neurons in the absence of intracellular K+. In whole-cell recordings, the average current in 1.5 μM Ca2+and symmetrical Cl-was -382 pA at -100 mV. Ion substitution experiments and partial blockade by commonly used Cl-channel blockers indicated that Ca2+activates mainly anionic currents in these neurons. Recordings from inside-out patches from dendritic knobs of mouse vomeronasal sensory neurons confirmed the presence of Ca2+-activated Cl-channels in the knobs and/or microvilli. We compared the electrophysiological properties of the native currents with those mediated by heterologously expressed TMEM16A/anoctamin1 or TMEM16B/anoctamin2 Ca2+-activated Cl-channels, which are coexpressed in microvilli of mouse vomeronasal sensory neurons, and found a closer resemblance to those of TMEM16A. We used the Cre-loxP system to selectively knock out TMEM16A in cells expressing the olfactory marker protein, which is found in mature vomeronasal sensory neurons. Immunohistochemistry confirmed the specific ablation of TMEM16A in vomeronasal neurons. Ca2+-activated currents were abolished in vomeronasal sensory neurons of TMEM16A conditional knockout mice, demonstrating that TMEM16A is an essential component of Ca2+-activated Cl-currents in mouse vomeronasal sensory neurons.
|Titolo:||Conditional knockout of TMEM16A/anoctamin1 abolishes the calcium-activated chloride current in mouse vomeronasal sensory neurons.|
|Autori:||Amjad, A; Hernandez-Clavijo, A; Pifferi, S; Maurya, D.K.; Boccaccio, A; Franzot, J; Rock, J; Menini, A.|
|Rivista:||JOURNAL OF GENERAL PHYSIOLOGY|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2015|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1085/jgp.201411348|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Journal article|