We study the ground-state phase diagram of the spin-1/2J1-J2 Heisenberg model on the square lattice with an accurate bosonic resonating-valence-bond (RVB) wave function. In contrast to the RVB ansatz based on Schwinger fermions, the representation based on Schwinger bosons, supplemented by a variational Monte Carlo technique enforcing the exact projection onto the physical subspace, is able to describe a fully gapped spin liquid in the strongly frustrated regime. In particular, a fully symmetric Z2 spin liquid is stable between two antiferromagnetic phases; a continuous transition at J2 = 0.4J1, when the Marshall sign rule begins to be essentially violated, and a first-order transition around J2 = 0.6J1 are present. Most importantly, the triplet gap is found to have a nonmonotonic behavior, reaching a maximum around J2 = 0.51J1, when the lowest spinon excitation moves from the to the M point, i.e., k = (π,0).
|Titolo:||Gapped spin-liquid phase in the J1-J2 Heisenberg model by a bosonic resonating valence-bond ansatz|
|Autori:||Li, T.; Becca, F.; Hu, W.; Sorella, S.|
|Rivista:||PHYSICAL REVIEW. B, CONDENSED MATTER AND MATERIALS PHYSICS|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2012|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1103/PhysRevB.86.075111|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Journal article|