Diatoms are fast-growing and winning competitors in aquatic environments, possibly due to optimized growth performance. However, their life cycles are complex, heteromorphic, and not fully understood. Here, we report on the fine control of cell growth and physiology during the sexual phase of the marine diatom Pseudo-nitzschia multistriata. We found that mating, under nutrient replete conditions, induces a prolonged growth arrest in parental cells. Transcriptomic analyses revealed down-regulation of genes related to major metabolic functions from the early phases of mating. Single-cell photophysiology also pinpointed an inhibition of photosynthesis and storage lipids accumulated in the arrested population, especially in gametes and zygotes. Numerical simulations revealed that growth arrest affects the balance between parental cells and their siblings, possibly favoring the new generation. Thus, in addition to resources availability, life cycle traits contribute to shaping the species ecological niches and must be considered to describe and understand the structure of plankton communities.

Trade-off between sex and growth in diatoms: Molecular mechanisms and demographic implications / Annunziata, R.; Mele, B. H.; Marotta, P.; Volpe, M.; Entrambasaguas, L.; Mager, S.; Stec, K.; D'Alcala, M. R.; Sanges, R.; Finazzi, G.; Iudicone, D.; Montresor, M.; Ferrante, M. I.. - In: SCIENCE ADVANCES. - ISSN 2375-2548. - 8:3(2022), pp. 1-16. [10.1126/sciadv.abj9466]

Trade-off between sex and growth in diatoms: Molecular mechanisms and demographic implications

Sanges R.
Membro del Collaboration group
;
2022-01-01

Abstract

Diatoms are fast-growing and winning competitors in aquatic environments, possibly due to optimized growth performance. However, their life cycles are complex, heteromorphic, and not fully understood. Here, we report on the fine control of cell growth and physiology during the sexual phase of the marine diatom Pseudo-nitzschia multistriata. We found that mating, under nutrient replete conditions, induces a prolonged growth arrest in parental cells. Transcriptomic analyses revealed down-regulation of genes related to major metabolic functions from the early phases of mating. Single-cell photophysiology also pinpointed an inhibition of photosynthesis and storage lipids accumulated in the arrested population, especially in gametes and zygotes. Numerical simulations revealed that growth arrest affects the balance between parental cells and their siblings, possibly favoring the new generation. Thus, in addition to resources availability, life cycle traits contribute to shaping the species ecological niches and must be considered to describe and understand the structure of plankton communities.
2022
8
3
1
16
eabj9466
10.1126/sciadv.abj9466
Annunziata, R.; Mele, B. H.; Marotta, P.; Volpe, M.; Entrambasaguas, L.; Mager, S.; Stec, K.; D'Alcala, M. R.; Sanges, R.; Finazzi, G.; Iudicone, D.; Montresor, M.; Ferrante, M. I.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11767/127679
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