The critical properties characterizing the formation of the Floquet time crystal in the prethermal phase are investigated analytically in the periodically driven O(N) model. In particular, we focus on the critical line separating the trivial phase with period synchronized dynamics and the absence of long-range spatial order from the nontrivial phase where long-range spatial order is accompanied by period-doubling dynamics. In the vicinity of the critical line, with a combination of dimensional expansion and exact solution for N -> infinity, we determine the exponent v that characterizes the divergence of the spatial correlation length of the equal-time correlation functions, the exponent beta characterizing the growth of the amplitude of the order parameter, as well as the initial-slip exponent theta of the aging dynamics when a quench is performed from deep in the trivial phase to the critical line. The exponents nu, beta, theta are found to be identical to those in the absence of the drive. In addition, the functional form of the aging is found to depend on whether the system is probed at times that are small or large compared to the drive period. The spatial structure of the two-point correlation functions, obtained as a linear response to a perturbing potential in the vicinity of the critical line, is found to show algebraic decays that are longer ranged than in the absence of a drive, and besides being period doubled are also found to oscillate in space at the wave vector omega/(2 nu), nu being the velocity of the quasiparticles, and omega being the drive frequency.

Critical properties of the prethermal Floquet Time Crystal / Natsheh, Muath; Gambassi, Andrea; Mitra, Aditi. - In: PHYSICAL REVIEW. B. - ISSN 2469-9950. - 103:(2021), pp. 1-18. [10.1103/PhysRevB.103.224311]

Critical properties of the prethermal Floquet Time Crystal

Andrea Gambassi;
2021

Abstract

The critical properties characterizing the formation of the Floquet time crystal in the prethermal phase are investigated analytically in the periodically driven O(N) model. In particular, we focus on the critical line separating the trivial phase with period synchronized dynamics and the absence of long-range spatial order from the nontrivial phase where long-range spatial order is accompanied by period-doubling dynamics. In the vicinity of the critical line, with a combination of dimensional expansion and exact solution for N -> infinity, we determine the exponent v that characterizes the divergence of the spatial correlation length of the equal-time correlation functions, the exponent beta characterizing the growth of the amplitude of the order parameter, as well as the initial-slip exponent theta of the aging dynamics when a quench is performed from deep in the trivial phase to the critical line. The exponents nu, beta, theta are found to be identical to those in the absence of the drive. In addition, the functional form of the aging is found to depend on whether the system is probed at times that are small or large compared to the drive period. The spatial structure of the two-point correlation functions, obtained as a linear response to a perturbing potential in the vicinity of the critical line, is found to show algebraic decays that are longer ranged than in the absence of a drive, and besides being period doubled are also found to oscillate in space at the wave vector omega/(2 nu), nu being the velocity of the quasiparticles, and omega being the drive frequency.
103
1
18
224311
http://arxiv.org/abs/2103.10818v2
Natsheh, Muath; Gambassi, Andrea; Mitra, Aditi
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11767/128619
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