Quantum scars are nonthermal eigenstates characterized by low entanglement entropy, initially detected in systems subject to nearest-neighbor Rydberg blockade, the so-called PXP model. While most of these special eigenstates elude an analytical description and seem to hybridize with nearby thermal eigenstates for large systems, some of them can be written as matrix product states with size-independent bond dimension. We study the response of these exact quantum scars to perturbations by analyzing the scaling of the fidelity susceptibility with system size. We find that some of them are anomalously stable at first order in perturbation theory, in sharp contrast to the eigenstate thermalization hypothesis. However, this stability seems to break down when all orders are taken into account. We further investigate models with larger blockade radius and find a set of exact quantum scars that we write down analytically and compare with the PXP exact eigenstates. We show that they exhibit the same robustness against perturbations at first order.

Exact many-body scars and their stability in constrained quantum chains / Surace, F. M.; Votto, M.; Lazo, E. G.; Silva, A.; Dalmonte, M.; Giudici, G.. - In: PHYSICAL REVIEW. B. - ISSN 2469-9950. - 103:10(2021), pp. 1-13. [10.1103/PhysRevB.103.104302]

Exact many-body scars and their stability in constrained quantum chains

Surace, F. M.;Votto, M.;Silva, A.;Dalmonte, M.;Giudici, G.
2021

Abstract

Quantum scars are nonthermal eigenstates characterized by low entanglement entropy, initially detected in systems subject to nearest-neighbor Rydberg blockade, the so-called PXP model. While most of these special eigenstates elude an analytical description and seem to hybridize with nearby thermal eigenstates for large systems, some of them can be written as matrix product states with size-independent bond dimension. We study the response of these exact quantum scars to perturbations by analyzing the scaling of the fidelity susceptibility with system size. We find that some of them are anomalously stable at first order in perturbation theory, in sharp contrast to the eigenstate thermalization hypothesis. However, this stability seems to break down when all orders are taken into account. We further investigate models with larger blockade radius and find a set of exact quantum scars that we write down analytically and compare with the PXP exact eigenstates. We show that they exhibit the same robustness against perturbations at first order.
103
10
1
13
104302
http://arxiv.org/abs/2011.08218v2
Surace, F. M.; Votto, M.; Lazo, E. G.; Silva, A.; Dalmonte, M.; Giudici, G.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11767/128651
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