The most frequently diagnosed breast cancer (BC) type in women expresses estrogen receptor (ER) , depends on estrogens for its growth, being classified as ER positive (ER+). The gold standard therapy for the treatment of this tumor relies on the inhibition of the aromatase enzyme, which catalyzes estrogen biosynthesis. Despite the clinical success of current aromatase inhibitors (AIs), after prolonged therapeutic regimens, BC ER + patients experience acquired resistance and disease relapse. This points up the urgent need for a newer generation of AIs able to overcome resistance issues, while mitigating toxicity and side effects of current therapies. Here we performed the synthesis, biological evaluation , extensive structural characterization by advanced molecular simulation methods of a new generation of dualsteric non-steroidal AIs, which simultaneously target the enzyme's active and allosteric sites. Notably, 3d, the most active AI of the series, exhibits a single-digit nM potency (IC50 2 nM). A detailed inspection of its binding mode reveals that the ancillary alkoxy chain predatorily takes advantage of the small hydrophobic cavities lining the allosteric site, triggering a remodeling of its residues and completely sealing the active site access-channel. As a result, the inhibitor is effectively locked in. This study sets a conceptual basis to develop a new generation of AIs exploiting a dualsteric targeting strategy.

Single-digit nanomolar inhibitors lock the aromatase active site via a dualsteric targeting strategy / Caciolla, Jessica; Martini, Silvia; Spinello, Angelo; Belluti, Federica; Bisi, Alessandra; Zaffaroni, Nadia; Magistrato, Alessandra; Gobbi, Silvia. - In: EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF MEDICINAL CHEMISTRY REPORTS. - ISSN 2772-4174. - 244:(2022). [10.1016/j.ejmech.2022.114802]

Single-digit nanomolar inhibitors lock the aromatase active site via a dualsteric targeting strategy

Alessandra Magistrato;
2022

Abstract

The most frequently diagnosed breast cancer (BC) type in women expresses estrogen receptor (ER) , depends on estrogens for its growth, being classified as ER positive (ER+). The gold standard therapy for the treatment of this tumor relies on the inhibition of the aromatase enzyme, which catalyzes estrogen biosynthesis. Despite the clinical success of current aromatase inhibitors (AIs), after prolonged therapeutic regimens, BC ER + patients experience acquired resistance and disease relapse. This points up the urgent need for a newer generation of AIs able to overcome resistance issues, while mitigating toxicity and side effects of current therapies. Here we performed the synthesis, biological evaluation , extensive structural characterization by advanced molecular simulation methods of a new generation of dualsteric non-steroidal AIs, which simultaneously target the enzyme's active and allosteric sites. Notably, 3d, the most active AI of the series, exhibits a single-digit nM potency (IC50 2 nM). A detailed inspection of its binding mode reveals that the ancillary alkoxy chain predatorily takes advantage of the small hydrophobic cavities lining the allosteric site, triggering a remodeling of its residues and completely sealing the active site access-channel. As a result, the inhibitor is effectively locked in. This study sets a conceptual basis to develop a new generation of AIs exploiting a dualsteric targeting strategy.
244
114802
Caciolla, Jessica; Martini, Silvia; Spinello, Angelo; Belluti, Federica; Bisi, Alessandra; Zaffaroni, Nadia; Magistrato, Alessandra; Gobbi, Silvia
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11767/130016
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