We report on a quantum thermodynamic method to purify a qubit on a quantum processing unit (QPU) equipped with (nearly) identical qubits. Our starting point is a three qubit design that emulates the well-known two qubit swap engine. Similar to standard fridges, the method would allow us to cool down a qubit at the expense of heating two other qubits. A minimal modification thereof leads to a more practical three qubit design that allows for enhanced refrigeration tasks, such as increasing the purity of one qubit at the expense of decreasing the purity of the other two. The method is based on the application of properly designed quantum circuits and can therefore be run on any gate model quantum computer. We implement it on a publicly available superconducting qubit based QPU and observe a purification capability down to 200 mK. We identify gate noise as the main obstacle toward practical application for quantum computing.

Quantum thermodynamic methods to purify a qubit on a quantum processing unit / Solfanelli, A.; Santini, A.; Campisi, M.. - In: AVS QUANTUM SCIENCE. - ISSN 2639-0213. - 4:2(2022). [10.1116/5.0091121]

Quantum thermodynamic methods to purify a qubit on a quantum processing unit

Solfanelli A.;Santini A.;Campisi M.
2022-01-01

Abstract

We report on a quantum thermodynamic method to purify a qubit on a quantum processing unit (QPU) equipped with (nearly) identical qubits. Our starting point is a three qubit design that emulates the well-known two qubit swap engine. Similar to standard fridges, the method would allow us to cool down a qubit at the expense of heating two other qubits. A minimal modification thereof leads to a more practical three qubit design that allows for enhanced refrigeration tasks, such as increasing the purity of one qubit at the expense of decreasing the purity of the other two. The method is based on the application of properly designed quantum circuits and can therefore be run on any gate model quantum computer. We implement it on a publicly available superconducting qubit based QPU and observe a purification capability down to 200 mK. We identify gate noise as the main obstacle toward practical application for quantum computing.
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2
026802
https://arxiv.org/abs/2201.13319
Solfanelli, A.; Santini, A.; Campisi, M.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11767/130478
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