We compute the memory effect produced at the black hole horizon by a transient gravitational shock wave. As shown by Hawking, Perry, and Strominger (HPS) such a gravitational wave produces a deformation of the black hole geometry which from future null infinity is seen as a Bondi-Metzner-Sachs supertranslation. This results in a diffeomorphic but physically distinct geometry which differs from the original black hole by their charges at infinity. Here we give the complementary description of this physical process in the near-horizon region as seen by an observer hovering just outside the event horizon. From this perspective, in addition to a supertranslation the shock wave also induces a horizon superrotation. We compute the associated superrotation charge and show that its form agrees with the one obtained by HPS at infinity. In addition, there is a supertranslation contribution to the horizon charge, which measures the entropy change in the process. We then turn to electrically and magnetically charged black holes and generalize the near-horizon asymptotic symmetry analysis to Einstein-Maxwell theory. This reveals an additional infinite-dimensional current algebra that acts nontrivially on the horizon superrotations. Finally, we generalize the black hole memory effect to Reissner-Nordstrom black holes.

Black hole memory effect / Donnay, L.; Giribet, G.; González, H. A.; Puhm, A.. - In: PHYSICAL REVIEW D. - ISSN 2470-0010. - 98:12(2018), pp. 1-13. [10.1103/physrevd.98.124016]

Black hole memory effect

Donnay, L.
;
2018-01-01

Abstract

We compute the memory effect produced at the black hole horizon by a transient gravitational shock wave. As shown by Hawking, Perry, and Strominger (HPS) such a gravitational wave produces a deformation of the black hole geometry which from future null infinity is seen as a Bondi-Metzner-Sachs supertranslation. This results in a diffeomorphic but physically distinct geometry which differs from the original black hole by their charges at infinity. Here we give the complementary description of this physical process in the near-horizon region as seen by an observer hovering just outside the event horizon. From this perspective, in addition to a supertranslation the shock wave also induces a horizon superrotation. We compute the associated superrotation charge and show that its form agrees with the one obtained by HPS at infinity. In addition, there is a supertranslation contribution to the horizon charge, which measures the entropy change in the process. We then turn to electrically and magnetically charged black holes and generalize the near-horizon asymptotic symmetry analysis to Einstein-Maxwell theory. This reveals an additional infinite-dimensional current algebra that acts nontrivially on the horizon superrotations. Finally, we generalize the black hole memory effect to Reissner-Nordstrom black holes.
2018
98
12
1
13
124016
10.1103/physrevd.98.124016
https://arxiv.org/abs/1809.07266
Donnay, L.; Giribet, G.; González, H. A.; Puhm, A.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11767/131599
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