We discuss the main features of quantum integrable models taking the classes of universality of the Ising model and the repulsive Lieb-Liniger model as paradigmatic examples. We address the breaking of integrability by means of two approaches, the Form Factor Perturbation Theory and semiclassical methods. Each of them has its own advantage. Using the first approach, one can relate the confinement phenomena of topological excitations to the semi-locality of the operator which breaks integrability. Using the second approach, one can control the bound states which arise in each phase of the theory and predict that their number cannot be more than two.
|Titolo:||Integrability, Non-integrability and confinement|
|Rivista:||JOURNAL OF STATISTICAL MECHANICS: THEORY AND EXPERIMENT|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2011|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Journal article|