In this paper we present a new formulation of diffusive mixing in stellar interiors aimed at casting light on the kind of mixing that should take place in the so-called overshoot regions surrounding fully convective zones. Key points of the analysis are the inclusion the concept of scale length most effective for mixing, by means of which the diffusion coefficient is formulated, and the inclusion of intermittence and stirring, two properties of turbulence known from laboratory fluid dynamics. The formalism is applied to follow the evolution of a 20 M(.) star with composition Z=0.008 and Y=0.25. Depending on the value of the diffusion coefficient holding in the overshoot region, the evolutionary behaviour of the test stars goes from the case of virtually no mixing (semiconvective like structures) to that of full mixing over there (standard overshoot models). Indeed, the efficiency of mixing in this region drives the extension of the intermediate fully convective shell developing at the onset of the shell H-burning, and in turn the path in the HR Diagram (HRD). Models with low efficiency of mixing burn helium in the core at high effective temperatures, models with intermediate efficiency perform extended loops in the HRD, finally models with high efficiency spend the whole core He-burning phase at low effective temperatures. In order to cast light on this important point of stellar structure, we test whether or not in the regions of the H-burning shell a convective layer can develop. More precisely, we examine whether the Schwarzschild or the Ledoux criterion ought to be adopted in this region. Furthermore, we test the response of stellar models to the kind of mixing supposed to occur in the H-burning shell regions. Finally, comparing the time scale of thermal dissipation to the evolutionary time scale, we get the conclusion that no mixing in this region should occur. The models with intermediate efficiency of mixing and no mixing at all in the shell H-burning regions are of particular interest as they possess at the same time evolutionary characteristics that are separately typical of models calculated with different schemes of mixing. In other words, the new models share the same properties of models with standard overshoot, namely a wider main sequence band, higher luminosity, and longer lifetimes than classical models, but they also possess extended loops that are the main signature of the classical (semiconvective) description of convection at the border of the core.
|Titolo:||Stellar evolution with turbulent diffusion .1. A new formalism of mixing|
|Autori:||Deng L; Bressan A; Chiosi C|
|Rivista:||ASTRONOMY & ASTROPHYSICS|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1996|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Journal article|