We investigate the persistence properties of critical d-dimensional systems relaxing from an initial state with non-vanishing order parameter (e. g., the magnetization in the Ising model), focusing on the dynamics of the global order parameter of a d'-dimensional manifold. The persistence probability P-c(t) shows three distinct long-time decays depending on the value of the parameter zeta = (D-2+eta)/z which also controls the relaxation of the persistence probability in the case of a disordered initial state (vanishing order parameter) as a function of the codimension D = d-d' and of the critical exponents eta and z. We find that the asymptotic behavior of P-c(t) is exponential for zeta > 1, stretched exponential for 0 =. = 1, and algebraic for zeta < 0. Whereas the exponential and stretched exponential relaxations are not affected by the initial value of the order parameter, we predict and observe a crossover between two different power-law decays when the algebraic relaxation occurs, as in the case d' = d of the global order parameter. We confirm via Monte Carlo simulations our analytical predictions by studying the magnetization of a line and of a plane of the two-and three-dimensional Ising models, respectively, with Glauber dynamics. The measured exponents of the ultimate algebraic decays are in a rather good agreement with our analytical predictions for the Ising universality class. In spite of this agreement, the expected scaling behavior of the persistence probability as a function of time and of the initial value of the order parameter remains problematic. In this context, the non-equilibrium dynamics of the O(n) model in the limit n -> infinity and its subtle connection with the spherical model are also discussed in detail. In particular, show that the correlation functions of the components of the order parameter which are respectively parallel and transverse to its average value within the O(n -> infinity) model correspond to the correlation functions of the local and global order parameters of the spherical model.
|Titolo:||Dynamic crossover in the persistence probability of manifolds at criticality|
|Autori:||Gambassi A; Paul R; Schehr G|
|Rivista:||JOURNAL OF STATISTICAL MECHANICS: THEORY AND EXPERIMENT|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2010|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1088/1742-5468/2010/12/P12029|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Journal article|