Acoustic analogues of black holes (dumb holes) axe generated when a supersonic fluid flow entrains sound waves and forms a trapped region from which sound cannot escape. The surface of no return, the acoustic horizon, is qualitatively very similar to the event horizon of a general relativity black hole. In particular Hawking radiation (a thermal bath of phonons with temperature proportional to the "surface gravity") is expected to occur. In this note we consider quasi-one-dimensional supersonic flow of a Bose-Einstein condensate (BEC) in a Laval nozzle (converging-diverging nozzle), with a view to finding which experimental settings could magnify this effect and provide an observable signal. We discuss constraints and problems for our model and identify the issues that should be addressed in the near future in order to set up an experiment. In particular we identify an experimentally plausible configuration with a Hawking temperature of order 70 n K; to be contrasted with a condensation temperature of the order of 90 n K.
|Titolo:||Towards the observation of Hawking radiation in Bose-Einstein condensates|
|Autori:||CARLOS BARCELO; LIBERATI S; MATT VISSER|
|Rivista:||INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MODERN PHYSICS A|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2003|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1142/S0217751X0301615X|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Journal article|