We present an analysis of the gas kinematics in NGC2992 based on VLT/MUSE, ALMA, and VLA data. Our aim is to characterise the disc, the wind, and their interplay in the cold molecular and warm ionised phases. NGC2992 is a changing-look Seyfert known to host both a nuclear ultrafast outflow (UFO), and an AGN-driven kiloparsec-scale ionised wind. CO(2-1) and Halpha arise from a multiphase disc with an inclination of 80 deg and radii of 1.5 and 1.8 kpc, respectively. By modelling the gas kinematics, we find that the velocity dispersion of the cold molecular phase, gas, is consistent with that of star forming galaxies at the same redshift, except in the inner 600 pc region, and in the region between the cone walls and the disc, where gas is a factor of 3-4 larger than in star forming galaxies for both the cold molecular and the warm ionised phases. This suggests that a disc–wind interaction locally boosts the gas turbulence. We detect a clumpy ionised wind in Hbeta, [O III], Halpha, and [N II] distributed in two wide-opening-angle ionisation cones reaching scales of 7 kpc (40 arcsec). The [O III] wind expands with a velocity exceeding 1000 km/s in the inner 600 pc, which is a factor of approximately five greater than the previously reported wind velocity. Based on spatially resolved electron density and ionisation parameter maps, we infer an ionised outflow mass of 3.2 10^7 Msun, and a total ionised outflow rate of 13.5 Msun/yr. We detected ten clumps of cold molecular gas located above and below the disc in the ionisation cones, reaching maximum projected distances of 1.7 kpc and showing projected bulk velocities of up to 200 km/s. On these scales, the wind is multiphase, with a fast ionised component and a slower molecular one, and a total mass of 5.8 10^7 Msun, of which the molecular component carries the bulk of the mass, namely 4.3 10^7 Msun. The dusty molecular outflowing clumps and the turbulent ionised gas are located at the edges of the radio bubbles, suggesting that the bubbles interact with the surrounding medium through shock. Conversely, both the large opening angle and the dynamical timescale of the ionised wind detected in the ionisation cones on 7 kpc scales indicate that this is not related to the radio bubbles but instead likely associated with a previous AGN episode. Finally, we detect a dust reservoir that is co-spatial with the molecular disc, with a cold dust mass of 4.04 10^6 Msun, which is likely responsible for the extended Fe K emission seen on 200 pc scales in hard X-rays and interpreted as reflection by cold dust.

NGC 2992: Interplay between the multiphase disc, wind, and radio bubbles / Zanchettin, M. V.; Feruglio, C.; Massardi, M.; Lapi, A.; Bischetti, M.; Cantalupo, S.; Fiore, F.; Bongiorno, A.; Malizia, A.; Marinucci, A.; Molina, M.; Piconcelli, E.; Tombesi, F.; Travascio, A.; Tozzi, G.; Tripodi, R.. - In: ASTRONOMY & ASTROPHYSICS. - ISSN 0004-6361. - 679:(2023), pp. 1-19. [10.1051/0004-6361/202245729]

NGC 2992: Interplay between the multiphase disc, wind, and radio bubbles

Zanchettin, M. V.;Lapi, A.;
2023-01-01

Abstract

We present an analysis of the gas kinematics in NGC2992 based on VLT/MUSE, ALMA, and VLA data. Our aim is to characterise the disc, the wind, and their interplay in the cold molecular and warm ionised phases. NGC2992 is a changing-look Seyfert known to host both a nuclear ultrafast outflow (UFO), and an AGN-driven kiloparsec-scale ionised wind. CO(2-1) and Halpha arise from a multiphase disc with an inclination of 80 deg and radii of 1.5 and 1.8 kpc, respectively. By modelling the gas kinematics, we find that the velocity dispersion of the cold molecular phase, gas, is consistent with that of star forming galaxies at the same redshift, except in the inner 600 pc region, and in the region between the cone walls and the disc, where gas is a factor of 3-4 larger than in star forming galaxies for both the cold molecular and the warm ionised phases. This suggests that a disc–wind interaction locally boosts the gas turbulence. We detect a clumpy ionised wind in Hbeta, [O III], Halpha, and [N II] distributed in two wide-opening-angle ionisation cones reaching scales of 7 kpc (40 arcsec). The [O III] wind expands with a velocity exceeding 1000 km/s in the inner 600 pc, which is a factor of approximately five greater than the previously reported wind velocity. Based on spatially resolved electron density and ionisation parameter maps, we infer an ionised outflow mass of 3.2 10^7 Msun, and a total ionised outflow rate of 13.5 Msun/yr. We detected ten clumps of cold molecular gas located above and below the disc in the ionisation cones, reaching maximum projected distances of 1.7 kpc and showing projected bulk velocities of up to 200 km/s. On these scales, the wind is multiphase, with a fast ionised component and a slower molecular one, and a total mass of 5.8 10^7 Msun, of which the molecular component carries the bulk of the mass, namely 4.3 10^7 Msun. The dusty molecular outflowing clumps and the turbulent ionised gas are located at the edges of the radio bubbles, suggesting that the bubbles interact with the surrounding medium through shock. Conversely, both the large opening angle and the dynamical timescale of the ionised wind detected in the ionisation cones on 7 kpc scales indicate that this is not related to the radio bubbles but instead likely associated with a previous AGN episode. Finally, we detect a dust reservoir that is co-spatial with the molecular disc, with a cold dust mass of 4.04 10^6 Msun, which is likely responsible for the extended Fe K emission seen on 200 pc scales in hard X-rays and interpreted as reflection by cold dust.
2023
679
1
19
A88
https://doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361/202245729
Zanchettin, M. V.; Feruglio, C.; Massardi, M.; Lapi, A.; Bischetti, M.; Cantalupo, S.; Fiore, F.; Bongiorno, A.; Malizia, A.; Marinucci, A.; Molina, M.; Piconcelli, E.; Tombesi, F.; Travascio, A.; Tozzi, G.; Tripodi, R.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11767/135153
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