The number of defects which are generated upon crossing a quantum phase transition can be minimized by choosing properly designed time-dependent pulses. In this work we determine what are the ultimate limits of this optimization. We discuss under which conditions the production of defects across the phase transition is vanishing small. Furthermore we show that the minimum time required to enter this regime is T similar to pi/Delta, where Lambda is the minimum spectral gap, unveiling an intimate connection between an optimized unitary dynamics and the intrinsic measure of the Hilbert space for pure states. Surprisingly, the dynamics is nonadiabatic; this result can be understood by assuming a simple two-level dynamics for the many-body system. Finally we classify the possible dynamical regimes in terms of the action s = T Delta.
|Titolo:||Speeding up critical system dynamics through optimized evolution|
|Autori:||Caneva T; Calarco T; Fazio R; Giuseppe E. Santoro; Montangero S|
|Rivista:||PHYSICAL REVIEW A|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2011|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1103/PhysRevA.84.012312|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Journal article|