Long Interspersed Nuclear Elements-1s (L1s) are transposable elements that constitute most of the genome's transcriptional output yet have still largely unknown functions. Here we show that L1s are required for proper mouse brain corticogenesis operating as regulatory long non-coding RNAs. They contribute to the regulation of the balance between neuronal progenitors and differentiation, the migration of post-mitotic neurons and the proportions of different cell types. In cortical cultured neurons, L1 RNAs are mainly associated to chromatin and interact with the Polycomb Repressive Complex 2 (PRC2) protein subunits enhancer of Zeste homolog 2 (Ezh2) and suppressor of zeste 12 (Suz12). L1 RNA silencing influences PRC2's ability to bind a portion of its targets and the deposition of tri-methylated histone H3 (H3K27me3) marks. Our results position L1 RNAs as crucial signalling hubs for genome-wide chromatin remodelling, enabling the fine-tuning of gene expression during brain development and evolution.Here the authors reveal that by acting as non-coding RNAs, L1s are bound by PRC2 and inhibit its activity on genes crucial for regulating proliferation and differentiation in neural progenitor cells.

LINE-1 regulates cortical development by acting as long non-coding RNAs / Mangoni, Damiano; Simi, Alessandro; Lau, Pierre; Armaos, Alexandros; Ansaloni, Federico; Codino, Azzurra; Damiani, Devid; Floreani, Lavinia; Di Carlo, Valerio; Vozzi, Diego; Persichetti, Francesca; Santoro, Claudio; Pandolfini, Luca; Tartaglia, Gian Gaetano; Sanges, Remo; Gustincich, Stefano. - In: NATURE COMMUNICATIONS. - ISSN 2041-1723. - 14:1(2023), pp. 1-24. [10.1038/s41467-023-40743-7]

LINE-1 regulates cortical development by acting as long non-coding RNAs

Mangoni, Damiano;Ansaloni, Federico;Floreani, Lavinia;Sanges, Remo
;
Gustincich, Stefano
2023-01-01

Abstract

Long Interspersed Nuclear Elements-1s (L1s) are transposable elements that constitute most of the genome's transcriptional output yet have still largely unknown functions. Here we show that L1s are required for proper mouse brain corticogenesis operating as regulatory long non-coding RNAs. They contribute to the regulation of the balance between neuronal progenitors and differentiation, the migration of post-mitotic neurons and the proportions of different cell types. In cortical cultured neurons, L1 RNAs are mainly associated to chromatin and interact with the Polycomb Repressive Complex 2 (PRC2) protein subunits enhancer of Zeste homolog 2 (Ezh2) and suppressor of zeste 12 (Suz12). L1 RNA silencing influences PRC2's ability to bind a portion of its targets and the deposition of tri-methylated histone H3 (H3K27me3) marks. Our results position L1 RNAs as crucial signalling hubs for genome-wide chromatin remodelling, enabling the fine-tuning of gene expression during brain development and evolution.Here the authors reveal that by acting as non-coding RNAs, L1s are bound by PRC2 and inhibit its activity on genes crucial for regulating proliferation and differentiation in neural progenitor cells.
2023
14
1
1
24
4974
https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-023-40743-7
Mangoni, Damiano; Simi, Alessandro; Lau, Pierre; Armaos, Alexandros; Ansaloni, Federico; Codino, Azzurra; Damiani, Devid; Floreani, Lavinia; Di Carlo, Valerio; Vozzi, Diego; Persichetti, Francesca; Santoro, Claudio; Pandolfini, Luca; Tartaglia, Gian Gaetano; Sanges, Remo; Gustincich, Stefano
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11767/135422
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