We derive Fredholm determinant representation for isomonodromic tau functions of Fuchsian systems with n regular singular points on the Riemann sphere and generic monodromy in GL (N, C). The corresponding operator acts in the direct sum of N (n -3) copies of L2 S1 . Its kernel has a block integrable form and is expressed in terms of fundamental solutions of n -2 elementary 3-point Fuchsian systems whose monodromy is determined by monodromy of the relevant n-point system via a decomposition of the punctured sphere into pairs of pants. For N = 2 these building blocks have hypergeometric representations, the kernel becomes completely explicit and has Cauchy type. In this case Fredholm determinant expansion yields multivariate series representation for the tau function of the Garnier system, obtained earlier via its identification with Fourier transform of Liouville conformal block (or a dual Nekrasov-Okounkov partition function). Further specialization to n = 4 gives a series representation of the general solution to Painleve VI equation.

Fredholm Determinant and Nekrasov Sum Representations of Isomonodromic Tau Functions / Gavrylenko, P.; Lisovyy, O.. - In: COMMUNICATIONS IN MATHEMATICAL PHYSICS. - ISSN 0010-3616. - 363:1(2018), pp. 1-58. [10.1007/s00220-018-3224-7]

Fredholm Determinant and Nekrasov Sum Representations of Isomonodromic Tau Functions

Gavrylenko, P.;
2018-01-01

Abstract

We derive Fredholm determinant representation for isomonodromic tau functions of Fuchsian systems with n regular singular points on the Riemann sphere and generic monodromy in GL (N, C). The corresponding operator acts in the direct sum of N (n -3) copies of L2 S1 . Its kernel has a block integrable form and is expressed in terms of fundamental solutions of n -2 elementary 3-point Fuchsian systems whose monodromy is determined by monodromy of the relevant n-point system via a decomposition of the punctured sphere into pairs of pants. For N = 2 these building blocks have hypergeometric representations, the kernel becomes completely explicit and has Cauchy type. In this case Fredholm determinant expansion yields multivariate series representation for the tau function of the Garnier system, obtained earlier via its identification with Fourier transform of Liouville conformal block (or a dual Nekrasov-Okounkov partition function). Further specialization to n = 4 gives a series representation of the general solution to Painleve VI equation.
2018
363
1
1
58
https://arxiv.org/abs/1608.00958
Gavrylenko, P.; Lisovyy, O.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11767/135570
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