The images of Sagittarius A∗ recently released by the Event Horizon Telescope collaboration have been accompanied [ Astrophys. J. Lett. 930 (2022) L17] by an analysis of the constraints on the possible absence of a trapping horizon, i.e. on the possibility that the object at the center of our galaxy is an ultra-compact object with a surface re-emitting incident radiation. Using the observed image size and the broadband spectrum of Sgr A∗, it is claimed that the radius of any surface, in which incident radiation is re-emitted thermally, is strongly bounded from above by these latest observations. Herein, we discuss how the reported constraint relies on the extremely strong assumption of perfect balance in the energy exchange between the accretion disk and the central object, and show that this is violated whenever the surface is endowed with any non-zero absorption coefficient. We derive the upper-bound constraints that can be cast on the radius and dimensionless absorption coefficient of the surface. We show that the conclusions of the analysis presented by the EHT collaboration hold only for unnaturally small values of the absorption coefficient (i.e. much lower than 10-14), and thus have to be significantly revised in scenarios with physical significance.

Constraints on horizonless objects after the EHT observation of Sagittarius A / Carballo-Rubio, R.; Di Filippo, F.; Liberati, S.; Visser, M.. - In: JOURNAL OF COSMOLOGY AND ASTROPARTICLE PHYSICS. - ISSN 1475-7516. - 2022:8(2022), pp. 1-13. [10.1088/1475-7516/2022/08/055]

Constraints on horizonless objects after the EHT observation of Sagittarius A

Di Filippo, F.;Liberati, S.;
2022-01-01

Abstract

The images of Sagittarius A∗ recently released by the Event Horizon Telescope collaboration have been accompanied [ Astrophys. J. Lett. 930 (2022) L17] by an analysis of the constraints on the possible absence of a trapping horizon, i.e. on the possibility that the object at the center of our galaxy is an ultra-compact object with a surface re-emitting incident radiation. Using the observed image size and the broadband spectrum of Sgr A∗, it is claimed that the radius of any surface, in which incident radiation is re-emitted thermally, is strongly bounded from above by these latest observations. Herein, we discuss how the reported constraint relies on the extremely strong assumption of perfect balance in the energy exchange between the accretion disk and the central object, and show that this is violated whenever the surface is endowed with any non-zero absorption coefficient. We derive the upper-bound constraints that can be cast on the radius and dimensionless absorption coefficient of the surface. We show that the conclusions of the analysis presented by the EHT collaboration hold only for unnaturally small values of the absorption coefficient (i.e. much lower than 10-14), and thus have to be significantly revised in scenarios with physical significance.
2022
2022
8
1
13
055
https://arxiv.org/abs/2205.13555
Carballo-Rubio, R.; Di Filippo, F.; Liberati, S.; Visser, M.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11767/137533
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