We carry out a systematic study of entanglement entropy in relativistic quantum field theory. This is defined as the von Neumann entropy S-A = - Trrho(A) log rho(A) corresponding to the reduced density matrix rho(A) of a subsystem A. For the case of a 1+1-dimensional critical system, whose continuum limit is a conformal field theory with central charge c, we re-derive the result S-A similar to (c/3) log l of Holzhey et al when A is a finite interval of length l in an infinite system, and extend it to many other cases: finite systems, finite temperatures, and when A consists of an arbitrary number of disjoint intervals. For such a system away from its critical point, when the correlation length. is large but finite, we show that S-A similar to A(c/6) log xi, where A is the number of boundary points of A. These results are verified for a free massive field theory, which is also used to confirm a scaling ansatz for the case of finite size off-critical systems, and for integrable lattice models, such as the Ising and XXZ models, which are solvable by corner transfer matrix methods. Finally the free field results are extended to higher dimensions, and used to motivate a scaling form for the singular part of the entanglement entropy near a quantum phase transition.
|Titolo:||Entanglement entropy and quantum field theory|
|Autori:||Calabrese P; Cardy J|
|Rivista:||JOURNAL OF STATISTICAL MECHANICS: THEORY AND EXPERIMENT|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2004|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1088/1742-5468/2004/06/P06002|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Journal article|