We study the problem of injecting single electrons into interacting one-dimensional quantum systems, a fundamental building block for electron quantum optics. It is well known that such injection leads to charge and energy fractionalization. We elucidate this concept by calculating the nonequilibrium electron distribution function in the momentum and energy domains after the injection of an energy-resolved electron. Our results shed light on how fractionalization occurs via the creation of particle-hole pairs by the injected electron. In particular, we focus on systems with a pair of counterpropagating channels, and we fully analyze the properties of each chiral fractional excitation which is created by the injection. We suggest possible routes to access their energy and momentum distribution functions in topological quantum Hall or quantum spin-Hall edge states.

Charge and energy fractionalization mechanism in one-dimensional channels / Acciai, M.; Calzona, A.; Dolcetto, G.; Schmidt, T. L.; Sassetti, M.. - In: PHYSICAL REVIEW. B. - ISSN 2469-9950. - 96:7(2017). [10.1103/PhysRevB.96.075144]

Charge and energy fractionalization mechanism in one-dimensional channels

Acciai M.;
2017-01-01

Abstract

We study the problem of injecting single electrons into interacting one-dimensional quantum systems, a fundamental building block for electron quantum optics. It is well known that such injection leads to charge and energy fractionalization. We elucidate this concept by calculating the nonequilibrium electron distribution function in the momentum and energy domains after the injection of an energy-resolved electron. Our results shed light on how fractionalization occurs via the creation of particle-hole pairs by the injected electron. In particular, we focus on systems with a pair of counterpropagating channels, and we fully analyze the properties of each chiral fractional excitation which is created by the injection. We suggest possible routes to access their energy and momentum distribution functions in topological quantum Hall or quantum spin-Hall edge states.
2017
96
7
075144
https://arxiv.org/abs/1705.01055
Acciai, M.; Calzona, A.; Dolcetto, G.; Schmidt, T. L.; Sassetti, M.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11767/137931
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