Research on eating behaviours has extensively highlighted that cognitive systems interact with the met- abolic system in driving food intake and in influencing body weight regulation. Parkinson’s disease is a good model for studying these complex interactions since alterations in both body weight and cogni- tive domains have been frequently reported among these patients. Interestingly, even if different non- motor symptoms may characterize the course of the disease, their contribution to weight and food preference has been poorly investigated. This review describes body weight alterations and eating habits in patients with Parkinson’s disease, including those who underwent deep brain stimulation surgery. In particular, the review considers the link between non-motor symptoms, affecting sensory perception, cognition, mood and motivation, and food intake and weight alterations. The take home message is twofold. First, we recommend a comprehensive approach in order to develop effective strategies in the manage- ment of patients’ weight. Second, we also suggest that investigating this issue in patients with Parkinson’s disease may provide some useful information about the mechanisms underlying food and weight reg- ulation in healthy subjects.
|Titolo:||Body weight and food intake in Parkinson’s disease: A review of the association to non-motor symptoms.|
|Autori:||Aiello, M.; Eleopra, R.; Rumiati, R.|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2015|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/j.appet.2014.10.011|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Journal article|