According to the collapsar model, gamma-ray bursts are thought to be produced in shocks that occur after the relativistic jet has broken free from the stellar envelope. If the mass density of the collimated outflow is less than that of the stellar envelope, the jet will then be surrounded by a cocoon of relativistic plasma. This material would itself be able to escape along the direction of least resistance, which is likely to be the rotation axis of the stellar progenitor, and accelerate in approximately the same way as an impulsive fireball. We discuss how the properties of the stellar envelope have a decisive effect on the appearance of a cocoon propagating through it. The relativistic material that accumulated in the cocoon would have enough kinetic energy to substantially alter the structure of the relativistic outflow, if not in fact provide much of the observed explosive power. Shock waves within this plasma can produce gamma-ray and X-ray transients, in addition to the standard afterglow emission that would arise from the deceleration shock of the cocoon fireball.
|Titolo:||Events in the life of a cocoon surrounding a light, collapsar jet|
|Autori:||RAMIREZ RUIZ, E.; Celotti, Anna Lisa; Rees, M. J.|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2002|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1046/j.1365-8711.2002.05995.x|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Journal article|