We present, for five spiral galaxies, HI data which, along with the H rotation curves, are used to derive the distribution of dark matter within these objects. A new method for extracting rotation curves from HI data cubes is presented, which takes into account the existence of a warp and minimizes projection effects. The rotation curves obtained are tested by taking them as input in the construction of model data cubes that are compared with the observed ones: the agreement is excellent. Model data cubes built using rotation curves obtained with standard methods, such as the first-moment analysis, however, fail the test. The HI rotation curves agree well with the H data, where they coexist. Moreover, the combined Halpha + HI rotation curves are smooth, symmetric and extend to large radii. The rotation curves are decomposed into stellar, gaseous and dark matter contributions, and the inferred density distribution is compared with various mass distributions: dark haloes with a central density core, Lambda cold dark matter (LambdaCDM) haloes (NFW and Moore profiles), HI scaling and MOND. The observations point to haloes with constant-density cores of size r(core) similar to r(opt) and central densities scaling approximately as rho(0) proportional to r(core)(-2/3). LambdaCDM models (which predict a central cusp in the density profile) are in clear conflict with the data. HI scaling and MOND cannot account for the observed kinematics: we find some counter-examples.
|Titolo:||The cored distribution of dark matter in spiral galaxies|
|Autori:||Gentile G; Salucci P; Klein U; Vergani D; Kalberla P|
|Rivista:||MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2004|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1111/j.1365-2966.2004.07836.x|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Journal article|