The friction between concentric carbon nanotubes sliding one inside the other has been widely studied and simulated, but not so far using external force as the driving variable. Our molecular dynamics (MD) simulations show that as the pulling force grows, the sliding velocity increases by jumps and plateaus rather than continuously as expected. Dramatic friction peaks [similar to that recently noted by P. Tangney, M.L. Cohen, S.G. Louie, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97 (2006) 195901] which develop around some preferential sliding velocities, are at the origin of this phenomenon. The (stable) rising edge of the peak produces a velocity plateau; the (unstable) dropping edge produces a jump to the nearest stable branch. The outcome is reminiscent of conduction in ionized gases, the plateau corresponding to a current stabilization against voltage variations, the jump corresponding to a discharge or breakdown.
|Titolo:||Velocity plateaus and jumps in carbon nanotube sliding|
|Autori:||Zhang, Zhang Xiao-hua; Tartaglino, Ugo; Santoro, Giuseppe Ernesto; Tosatti, Erio|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2007|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/j.susc.2007.05.034|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Journal article|