The compelling experimental evidences for oscillations of solar, reactor, atmospheric and accelerator neutrinos imply the existence of 3-neutrino mixing in the weak charged lepton current. The current data on the 3-neutrino mixing parameters are summarised and the phenomenology of 3-$\nu$ mixing is reviewed. The properties of massive Majorana neutrinos and of their various possible couplings are discussed in detail. Two models of neutrino mass generation with massive Majorana neutrinos - the type I see-saw and the Higgs triplet model, are briefly reviewed. The problem of determining the nature - Dirac or Majorana, of massive neutrinos is considered. The predictions for the effective Majorana mass $\meff$ in neutrinoless double beta ($\betabeta-$) decay in the case of 3-neutrino mixing and massive Majorana neutrinos are summarised. The physics potential of the experiments, searching for $\betabeta-$decay for providing information on the type of the neutrino mass spectrum, on the absolute scale of neutrino masses and on the Majorana CP-violation phases in the PMNS neutrino mixing matrix, is also briefly discussed. The opened questions and the main goals of future research in the field of neutrino physics are outlined. © 2013 S. T. Petcov.
|Titolo:||The Nature of Massive Neutrinos|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2013|
|Numero di Articolo:||852987|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1155/2013/852987|
|Fulltext via DOI:||10.1155/2013/852987|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Journal article|