We quantitatively investigate the possibility of detecting baryonic acoustic oscillations (BAO) using single-dish 21 cm intensity mapping observations in the post-reionization era. We show that the telescope beam smears out the isotropic BAO signature and, in the case of the Square Kilometre Array (SKA) instrument, makes it undetectable at redshifts z greater than or similar to 1. We however demonstrate that the BAO peak can still be detected in the radial 21 cm power spectrum and describe a method to make this type of measurements. By means of numerical simulations, containing the 21 cm cosmological signal as well as the most relevant Galactic and extraGalactic foregrounds and basic instrumental effect, we quantify the precision with which the radial BAO scale can be measured in the 21 cm power spectrum. We systematically investigate the signal to noise and the precision of the recovered BAO signal as a function of cosmic variance, instrumental noise, angular resolution and foreground contamination. We find that the expected noise levels of SKA would degrade the final BAO errors by similar to 5 per cent with respect to the cosmic-variance limited case at low redshifts, but that the effect grows up to similar to 65 per cent at z similar to 2-3. Furthermore, we find that the radial BAO signature is robust against foreground systematics, and that the main effect is an increase of similar to 20 per cent in the final uncertainty on the standard ruler caused by the contribution of foreground residuals as well as the reduction in sky area needed to avoid high-foreground regions. We also find that it should be possible to detect the radial BAO signature with high significance in the full redshift range. We conclude that a 21 cm experiment carried out by the SKA should be able to make direct measurements of the expansion rate H(z) with measure the expansion with competitive per cent level precision on redshifts z similar to 2.5.
|Titolo:||Baryonic acoustic oscillations from 21 cm intensity mapping: the Square Kilometre Array case|
|Autori:||Villaescusa-Navarro, F.; Alonso, D.; Viel, M.|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2017|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1093/mnras/stw3224|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Journal article|