We study theoretically and experimentally the solvent-mediated critical Casimir force acting on colloidal particles immersed in a binary liquid mixture of water and 2,6-lutidine and close to substrates which are chemically patterned with periodically alternating stripes of antagonistic adsorption preferences. These patterns are experimentally realized via microcontact printing. Upon approaching the critical demixing point of the solvent, normal and lateral critical Casimir forces generate laterally confining effective potentials for the colloids. We analyse in detail the rich behaviour of the spherical colloids close to such substrates. For all patterned substrates we investigated, our measurements of these effective potentials agree with the corresponding theoretical predictions. Since both the directions and the strengths of the critical Casimir forces can be tuned by minute temperature changes, this provides a new mechanism for controlling colloids as model systems, opening encouraging perspectives for applications.
|Titolo:||Trapping colloids near chemical stripes via critical Casimir forces|
|Autori:||Trondle M; Zvyagolskaya O; Gambassi A; Vogt D; Harnau L; Bechinger C; Dietrich S|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2011|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1080/00268976.2011.553639|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Journal article|