We study the nonequilibrium dynamics in the fermionic Hubbard model after a sudden change of the interaction strength. To this scope, we introduce a time-dependent variational approach in the spirit of the Gutzwiller ansatz. At the saddle-point approximation, we find at half filling a sharp transition between two different regimes of small and large coherent oscillations, separated by a critical line of quenches where the system is found to relax. Any finite doping washes out the transition, leaving aside just a sharp crossover. In order to investigate the role of quantum fluctuations, we map the model onto an auxiliary quantum Ising model in a transverse field coupled to free fermionic quasiparticles. Remarkably, the Gutzwiller approximation turns out to correspond to the mean-field decoupling of this model in the limit of infinite coordination lattices. The advantage is that we can go beyond mean field and include Gaussian fluctuations around the non-equilibrium mean-field dynamics. Unlike at equilibrium, we find that quantum fluctuations become massless and eventually unstable before the mean-field dynamical critical line, which suggests they could even alter qualitatively the mean-field scenario.
|Titolo:||Quantum quenches in the Hubbard model: Time-dependent mean-field theory and the role of quantum fluctuations|
|Autori:||Schiro, M; Fabrizio, Michele|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2011|
|Numero di Articolo:||165105|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1103/PhysRevB.83.165105|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Journal article|