Three chimeric proteins were obtained by fusing together the dianthin gene and DNA fragments encoding for the following membrane-acting peptides: the N-terminus of protein G of the vesicular stomatitis virus (KFT25), the N terminus of the HA2 hemagglutinin of influenza virus (pHA2), and a membrane-acting peptide (pJVE). Chimeric dianthins (KFT25DIA, pHA2DIA and pJVEDIA) retained full enzymatic activity in cell-free assays and showed increased ability to induce pH-dependent calcein release from large unilamellar vesicles (LUVs). pHA2DIA and pJVEDIA also showed faster kinetics of interaction with LUVs, while KFT25DIA and pHA2DIA displayed a reduced cytotoxicity as compared to wild-type dianthin. Conjugates made by chemically cross-linking KFT25DIA or pJVEDIA and human transferrin (Tfn) showed greater cell-killing efficiency than conjugates of Tfn and wild-type dianthin. As a consequence, by fusion of membrane-acting peptides to the dianthin sequence the specificity factor (i.e., the ratio between non-specific and specific toxicity) of Tfn-KFT25DIA, Tfn-pHA2DIA and Tfn-pJVEDIA was increased with respect to that of Tfn-based conjugates made with wild-type dianthin. Taken together, our results suggest that genetic fusion of membrane-acting peptides to enzymatic cytotoxins results in the acquisition of new physico-chemical properties exploitable for designing new recombinant cytotoxins and to tackle cell-intoxication mechanisms.
|Titolo:||Genetic grafting of membrane-acting peptides to the cytotoxin dianthin augments its ability to de-stabilize lipid bilayers and enhances its cytotoxic potential as the component of transferrin-toxin conjugates|
|Autori:||LORENZETTI I; MENEGUZZI A; FRACASSO G; POTRICH C; COSTANTINI L; CHIESA E; LEGNAME G; MENESTRINA G; TRIDENTE G; COLOMBATTI M|
|Rivista:||INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CANCER|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2000|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Journal article|