Increasing experimental and clinical evidence suggests that abnormal glutamate transmission might play a major role in a vast number of neurological disorders. As a measure of glutamatergic excitation, we have studied the acetylcholine (ACh) release induced by N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor stimulation in primary cultured rat ventral horn spinal neurons and we have evaluated the possibility to limit the consequences of the hyperactivation of glutamatergic receptors, by recruiting the inhibitory transmission mediated by GABA and glycine. For this purpose, we have exposed cell cultures, previously loaded with [3H]choline, to NMDA, which increased the spontaneous tritium efflux in a concentration-dependent manner. Tritium release is dependent upon external Ca2+, tetrodotoxin, Cd2+ ions and w-conotoxin GVIA, but not on w-conotoxin MVIIC nor nifedipine, suggesting the involvement of N-type voltage-sensitive calcium channels. NMDA-mediated [3H]ACh release was completely prevented by MK-801, 5,7-diclorokynurenic acid and ifenprodil, while it was strongly inhibited by a lower external pH, suggesting that the involved NMDA receptors contain NR1 and NR2B subunits. Muscimol inhibited NMDA-evoked [3H]ACh release and its effect was antagonized by SR95531 and potentiated by diazepam, indicating the involvement of benzodiazepine-sensitive GABAA receptors. Also glycine, via strychnine-sensitive receptors, inhibited the effect of NMDA. It is concluded that glutamate acts on the NMDA receptors situated on spinal motoneurons to evoke ACh release, which can be inhibited through the activation of GABAA and glycine receptors present on the same neurons. These data suggest that glutamatergic overload of receptors located onto spinal cord motoneurons might be decreased by activating GABAA and glycine receptors.
|Titolo:||GABA(A) and strychnine-sensitive glycine receptors modulate N-methyl-d-aspartate-evoked acetylcholine release from rat spinal motoneurons: A possible role in neuroprotection|
|Autori:||Cervetto, C.; Taccola, Giuliano|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2008|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/j.neuroscience.2008.04.066|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Journal article|