Neural stem cells (NSCs) give rise to all cell types forming the cortex: neurons, astrocytes, and oligodendrocytes. The transition from the former to the latter ones takes place via lineage-restricted progenitors in a highly regulated way. This process is mastered by large sets of genes, among which some implicated in central nervous system pattern formation. The aim of this study was to disen- tangle the kinetic and histogenetic roles exerted by two of these genes, Emx2 and Foxg1, in cortico-cerebral pre- cursors. For this purpose, we set up a new integrated in vitro assay design. Embryonic cortical progenitors were transduced with lentiviral vectors driving overexpres- sion of Emx2 and Foxg1 in NSCs and neuronal progeni- tors. Cells belonging to different neuronogenic and gliogenic compartments were labeled by spectrally dis- tinguishable fluoroproteins driven by cell type-specific promoters and by cell type-specific antibodies and were scored via multiplex cytofluorometry and immunocyto- fluorescence. A detailed picture of Emx2 and Foxg1 activities in cortico-cerebral histogenesis resulted from this study. Unexpectedly, we found that both genes in- hibit gliogenesis and promote neuronogenesis, through distinct mechanisms, and Foxg1 also dramatically stimu- lates neurite outgrowth. Remarkably, such activities, alone or combined, may be exploited to ameliorate the neuronal output obtainable from neural cultures, for purposes of cell-based brain repair.
|Titolo:||Emx2 and Foxg1 Inhibit Gliogenesis and Promote Neuronogenesis|
|Autori:||Brancaccio M; Pivetta C; Granzotto M; Filippis C; Mallamaci A|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2010|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1002/stem.443|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Journal article|