The interaction of the (110) and (111) surfaces of ceria (CeO(2)) with atomic hydrogen is studied with ab initio calculations based on density functional theory. A Hubbard U term added to the standard density functional allows to accurately describe the electronic structure of the two surfaces. The minimum energy configuration for the adsorbed H on each of the two surfaces is obtained. An O-H-O bridge is formed on the (110) surface, whereas an axial tricoordinated OH group results on the (111) surface. For both surfaces, the adsorption of an H atom is accompanied by the reduction of a single Ce ion (which is one of the nearest neighbors of the adsorbed atom) and by a substantial outward protrusion of the O atom(s) directly bound to H. The adsorption of atomic H on the (110) and (111) surfaces is energetically favored by -150.8 and -128.3 kJ/mol, respectively, with respect to free molecular H(2). The calculated frequencies for the OH stretching vibrational mode are 3100 cm(-1) for the (110) surface and 3627 cm(-1) for the (111) surface. The latter value is in excellent agreement with experimental data reported in the literature.
|Titolo:||Interaction of hydrogen with cerium oxide surfaces: a quantum mechanical computational study|
|Autori:||VICARIO G; BALDUCCI G; FABRIS S; DE GIRONCOLI S; BARONI S|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2006|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1021/jp061375v|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Journal article|