The current flow through hyperpolarization-activated cyclic nucleotide-gated (HCN) channels, referred to as I(h), plays a major role in several fundamental biological processes. The sequence of the presumed pore region of HCN channels is reminiscent of that of most known K(+)-selective channels. In the present work, the pore topology of an HCN channel from sea urchin sperm, called SpHCN, was investigated by means of the substituted-cysteine accessibility method (SCAM). The I(h) current in the wild-type (w.t.) SpHCN channel was irreversibly blocked by intracellular Cd(2+). This blockage was not observed in mutant C428S. Extracellular Cd(2+) did not cause any inhibition of the I(h) current in the w.t. SpHCN channel, but blocked the current in mutant channels K433C and F434C. Large extracellular anions blocked the current both in the w.t. and K433Q mutant channel. These results suggest that 1) cysteine in position 428 faces the intracellular medium; 2) lysine and phenylalanine in position 433 and 434, respectively, face the extracellular side of the membrane; and 3) lysine 433 does not mediate the anion blockade. Additionally, our study confirms that the K(+) channel signature sequence GYG also forms the inner pore in HCN channels.
|Titolo:||Pore topology of the hyperpolarization-activated cyclic nucleotide-gated channel from sea urchin sperm|
|Autori:||Roncaglia, P; Mistrik, P; Torre, Vincent|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2002|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/S0006-3495(02)73957-X|
|Fulltext via DOI:||https://doi.org/10.1016/S0006-3495(02)73957-X|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Journal article|