The contact angle of a drop in equilibrium on a solid is strongly affected by the rough- ness of the surface on which it rests. We study the roughness-induced enhancement of the hydrophobic or hydrophilic properties of a solid surface through homogeniza- tion theory. By relying on a variational formulation of the problem, we show that the macroscopic contact angle is associated with the solution of two cell problems, giving the minimal energy per unit macroscopic area for a transition layer between the rough solid surface and a liquid or vapour phase. Our results are valid for both chemically heterogeneous and homogeneous surfaces. In the latter case, a very trans- parent structure emerges from the variational approach: the classical laws of Wenzel and Cassie–Baxter give bounds for the optimal energy, and configurations of minimal energy are those leading to the smallest macroscopic contact angle in the hydrophobic case, to the largest one in the hydrophilic case.
|Titolo:||Wetting of rough surfaces: a homogenization approach|
|Autori:||ALBERTI G.; DESIMONE A.|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2005|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1098/rspa.2004.1364|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Journal article|