Several years ago Schwinger proposed a physical mechanism for sonoluminescence in terms of photon production due to changes in the properties of the quantum-electrodynamic (QED) vacuum arising from a collapsing dielectric bubble. This mechanism can be re-phrased in terms of the Casimir effect and has recently been the subject of considerable controversy. This paper probes Schwinger's suggestion in detail: using the sudden approximation we calculate Bogolubov coefficients relating the QED vacuum in the presence of the expanded bubble to that in the presence of the collapsed bubble. In this way we derive an estimate for the spectrum and total energy emitted. We verify that in the sudden approximation there is an efficient production of photons, and further that the main contribution to this dynamic Casimir effect comes from a volume term, as per Schwinger's original calculation. However, we also demonstrate that the timescales required to implement Schwinger's original suggestion are not physically relevant to sonoluminescence. Although Schwinger was correct in his assertion that changes in the zero-point energy had to photon production, nevertheless his original model is not appropriate fbr sonoluminescence. In other work we have developed a variant of Schwinger's model that is compatible with the physically required timescales.
|Titolo:||Sonoluminescence as a QED vacuum effect: probing Schwinger's proposal|
|Autori:||Liberati S; Visser M; Belgiorno F; Sciama DW|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2000|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1088/0305-4470/33/11/307|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Journal article|